Novi recepti

Najpomembnejša uredba o varnosti hrane v 70 letih z zamudo

Najpomembnejša uredba o varnosti hrane v 70 letih z zamudo

Nova uredba o varnosti hrane traja več kot eno leto, da se odobri, kar mnoge razočara

Vsako leto kar 48 milijonov Američanov prizadene bolezen, ki se prenaša s hrano, pogosto zaradi kontaminacije in nepravilnega ravnanja s hrano. Predsednik Obama se je lani, ko je podpisal Zakon o posodobitvi varnosti hrane (FSMA), boril za izboljšanje varnosti in čistoče nacionalne oskrbe s hrano. Čeprav so ta dejanja imela neverjetno podporo podjetij za proizvodnjo hrane, skupin za zdravje potrošnikov in vlade, ga še niso v celoti odobrili. Do danes je zdravje Amerike še vedno ogroženo.

Namen FSMA je ciljati hrano na vir in dobavitelje hrane odgovarjati za distribucijo čiste in varne hrane po strožjih predpisih. Upravi za hrano in zdravila bo omogočil, da zaposli več inšpektorjev za varnost hrane in izda obvezne odpoklice.

Urad za upravljanje in proračun je odgovoren za zagotovitev, da je novi zakon v skladu s politiko uprave, in mu da končno odobritev, preden ukrepa. Toda na mizi OMB sedi že sedem mesecev, datum odobritve pa je nepredvidljiv.

USA Today navaja tri zelo pomembna pravila, ki čakajo na odobritev.

Eno od teh pravil obravnava varnostne standarde za vire kontaminacije, vključno z namakalno vodo, gnojem, higieno delavcev in divjimi živalmi. Drugo pravilo zahteva, da tuji dobavitelji opravijo programe preverjanja varnosti hrane, da se zagotovi, da v državo vstopajo samo varna živila. Tretje najpomembnejše pravilo zahteva, da imajo živilska podjetja poseben načrt za identifikacijo in odpravo virov kontaminacije.

Politiki in skupine za varnost hrane so ogorčeni zaradi zamude pri odobritvi in ​​Obamo pritiskajo na objavo pravil. Mnogi so razočarani in zmedeni zaradi izjemno dolgega postopka odobritve. Toda po besedah ​​predstavnika OMB je odobritev zamujala, ker se zavedajo velikega pomena te uredbe. Želijo si, da bi bil zakon te gravitacije in kompleksnosti brezhiben.


Uredba

V Združenih državah Amerike je hrana za hišne živali med najbolj strogo urejenimi živili in mora izpolnjevati zvezne in državne zahteve. Ameriška uprava za hrano in zdravila (FDA) ureja tako končne izdelke za hišne živali (vključno s priboljški in žvečilkami) kot njihove sestavine. Skoraj vse države tudi zahtevajo, da se izdelki, ki se prodajajo, registrirajo in da njihove etikete spoštujejo stroge zahteve glede imen in sestavin izdelkov. Sestavine ni mogoče uporabiti v hrani za hišne živali, dokler je ne sprejme FDA in ne sprejme Združenje ameriških krmilnikov (AAFCO), organizacija državnih regulativnih uradnikov, ki razvija vzorce računov in predpisov za hrano za hišne živali, ki jih lahko države sprejmejo v svoje državnih zakonov in predpisov.

Sestavine, ki se uporabljajo v hrani za hišne živali

Sestavina mora izpolnjevati ključna merila, ki veljajo za sprejemljivo za uporabo v receptu za hrano za hišne živali. Obstajajo štirje načini, da je sestavina sprejemljiva za uporabo:

Sestavine se lahko odobrijo pri Odboru za opredelitev sestavin AAFCO, ki je naveden v njihovi uradni publikaciji.

Sestavina je morda šla skozi postopek, da od FDA prejme peticijo o aditivih za živila, ki bi bila navedena na spletni strani FDA.

Tudi na spletni strani FDA obstaja seznam sestavin, ki so splošno priznane kot varne (GRAS). Postopki za podjetja, da se samopotrdita GRAS.

Poleg tega se sestavine, ki so bile v uporabi pred letom 1958 in niso povzročile nobenih težav, štejejo za varne in zakonite za uporabo.

Zvezna uredba

Zakon o posodobitvi varnosti hrane

Kar zadeva zvezne predpise, so proizvajalci p et hrane in njihovi dobavitelji vedno morali tržiti varne izdelke v skladu z Zakonom o zdravilih in kozmetiki (FD & ampCA) iz leta 1938, ki ureja tako človeško kot živalsko hrano. V zvezi s tem so člani PFI pred desetletji sprejeli dobre proizvodne prakse.

Sprejetje Zakona o posodobitvi varnosti hrane (FSMA) leta 2011, ki spreminja FD & ampCA in je najobsežnejša posodobitev ameriške uredbe o varnosti hrane v več kot 70 letih, je ustvarilo nove zahteve in obvezne standarde varnosti izdelkov za skoraj vso hrano za ljudi v ZDA in Ameriški proizvajalci hrane za hišne živali. Poudarek na človeški in živalski hrani po zakonu je preprečevanje bolezni, ne pa odzivanje in odpravljanje nastalih vprašanj. Zakon tudi daje FDA pooblastilo za izvajanje inšpekcijskih pregledov v objektih za preverjanje skladnosti s FSMA in za zagotovitev, da uvožena živila ustrezajo ameriškim standardom varnosti hrane.

Z nekaj izjemami, tako kot pri prehrani ljudi, FSMA od proizvajalcev hrane za hišne živali zahteva:

  • Izvajati trenutne dobre proizvodne prakse (cGMP), ki vključujejo zahteve za zaposlene, zasnovo objekta, vzdrževanje in vzdrževanje opreme
  • Opredelite in ocenite nevarnosti (biološke, kemične ali fizikalne), ki so lahko povezane z živili, ki jih izdelujejo, in uvedite postopke („preventivni nadzor“), ki obravnavajo te nevarnosti
  • Razviti in izvajati načrt varnosti hrane, ki podrobno opisuje korake, ki jih izvajajo za zagotovitev varnosti izdelkov, od sestavin pri pridobivanju do odpoklica izdelka, če bo to potrebno.
  • Upoštevajte zahteve FSMA glede tujih dobaviteljev in sanitarnega prevoza tako hrane/priboljškov in sestavin za končno hrano za hišne živali.

Kliknite tukaj za več informacij o zahtevah FSMA v zvezi s hrano za hišne živali.

PFI si je prizadeval od oblikovanja pravil do izvajanja zagotoviti, da se naši člani dobro zavedajo svojih obveznosti FSMA. Naša prizadevanja se bodo nadaljevala skozi fazo skladnosti in uveljavljanja, PFI pa še naprej vključuje naše člane, zvezne in državne regulatorje ter druge zainteresirane strani, da zagotovijo, da proizvajalci hrane za hišne ljubljenčke in priboljški jasno razumejo pričakovanja FSMA, pa tudi uradniki FDA in države izvajanje skladnosti in nadzora FSMA.

Državna uredba

Večina držav ureja hrano za hišne živali po zakonih o krmi za živali. Enostaven način za države, da ohranijo svojo zakonodajo o krmi, je sprejetje zgoraj omenjenih modelov zakonov in predpisov združenja ameriških uradnikov za nadzor krme (AAFCO), ki na primer določajo cGMP, opredelitve sestavin in zahteve za nalepke in izdelke za hišne živali terjatve.

Zahteve držav za tiste, ki sledijo modelom AAFCO, vključujejo:

  • Registracija vsakega živila za hišne živali, preden se lahko proda v državi. To regulatorjem omogoča, da v primeru odpoklica vedo, kaj in kje se prodajajo izdelki, ki se prodajajo v ustreznem stanju.
  • Pregled in odobritev oznake izdelka. Proizvajalci morajo državnim regulatorjem predložiti v pregled in sprejetje oznako izdelka za vsako hrano za hišne živali ali izdelek za zdravljenje, ki ga želijo prodati v državi. Pregled oznak izdelka vključuje:
    • Pregled oblike nalepke, da se zagotovijo potrebne informacije, npr., blagovno znamko, predvideno vrsto, količino proizvoda, GA (glej podrobnosti spodaj), izjavo o sestavini, izjavo o hranilni ustreznosti (tudi spodaj) in navodila za hranjenje. Mnogi od teh podatkov zahtevajo posebne jezikovne zahteve za državo.
    • Preverite dovoljene sestavine-sestavine, ki jih odobri AAFCO ali GRAS-prek FDA ali samopotrditve ali sestavin, ki so prejele peticijo o aditivih za živila (FAP).
    • Zajamčena analiza (GA) specifičnih merljivih ravni - običajno najnižja in najvišja za: surove beljakovine, surove maščobe, surove vlaknine, vlago, pepel in druge mineralne dodatke.
    • Izjava o prehranski ustreznosti (tj. popolno in uravnoteženo). Le take izdelke, ki zagotavljajo popolno prehrano, je mogoče označiti kot take. Od proizvajalcev se lahko zahteva, da to trditev utemeljijo s primerjavo s profili hranil.
    • Zagotavljanje vsebnosti kalorij.
    • Zagotavljanje, da uporaba določenih izrazov ni zavajajoča (npr. »Lahki, vitki, z nizko vsebnostjo maščob« ali primerjave med izdelki na trgu). Obstajajo predpisi, ki določajo take pogoje.
    • Ime in naslov proizvajalca/distributerja.
    • Pregled trditev o izdelkih. Obstajajo smernice, ki jih je treba upoštevati pri uveljavljanju trditev o izdelku, kot so: formula za nadzor zobnega kamna ali "naravno".

    Države lahko sprejmejo tudi cGMP AAFCO. Ti so že nekaj časa v veljavi, AAFCO pa je trenutno v postopku sprejemanja zveznega cGMPS, ki ga zahteva FSMA. AAFCO ponuja tudi jezik, ki državam omogoča, da v celoti sprejmejo predpise FSMA.

    Državni regulatorji tudi redno pregledujejo objekte za proizvodnjo hrane za hišne živali, da preverijo, ali se upoštevajo državni cGMP, ali obstaja ustrezna dokumentacija ter je napisan in upoštevan načrt varnosti hrane.

    Zvezni in državni regulatorji (v imenu FDA) zdaj pregledujejo objekte glede skladnosti z zahtevami FSMA.


    Uredba

    V Združenih državah Amerike je hrana za hišne živali med najbolj strogo urejenimi živili in mora izpolnjevati zvezne in državne zahteve. Ameriška uprava za hrano in zdravila (FDA) ureja tako končne izdelke za hišne živali (vključno s priboljški in žvečilkami) kot njihove sestavine. Skoraj vse države prav tako zahtevajo, da se izdelki, ki se prodajajo, registrirajo in da njihove etikete spoštujejo stroge zahteve glede imen in sestavin izdelkov. Sestavine ni mogoče uporabiti v hrani za hišne živali, dokler je ne sprejme FDA in ne sprejme Združenje ameriških krmilnikov (AAFCO), organizacija državnih regulativnih uradnikov, ki razvija vzorce računov in predpisov za hrano za hišne živali, ki jih lahko države sprejmejo v svoje državnih zakonov in predpisov.

    Sestavine, ki se uporabljajo v hrani za hišne živali

    Sestavina mora izpolnjevati ključna merila, ki veljajo za sprejemljivo za uporabo v receptu za hrano za hišne živali. Obstajajo štirje načini, da je sestavina sprejemljiva za uporabo:

    Sestavine se lahko odobrijo pri Odboru za opredelitev sestavin AAFCO, ki je naveden v njihovi uradni publikaciji.

    Sestavina je morda šla skozi postopek, da od FDA prejme peticijo o aditivih za živila, ki bi bila navedena na spletni strani FDA.

    Tudi na spletni strani FDA obstaja seznam sestavin, ki so splošno priznane kot varne (GRAS). Postopki za podjetja, da se samopotrdita GRAS.

    Poleg tega se sestavine, ki so bile v uporabi pred letom 1958 in niso povzročile nobenih težav, štejejo za varne in zakonite za uporabo.

    Zvezna uredba

    Zakon o posodobitvi varnosti hrane

    Kar zadeva zvezne predpise, so proizvajalci p et hrane in njihovi dobavitelji vedno morali tržiti varne izdelke v skladu z Zakonom o zdravilih in kozmetiki (FD & ampCA) iz leta 1938, ki ureja tako človeško kot živalsko hrano. V zvezi s tem so člani PFI pred desetletji sprejeli dobre proizvodne prakse.

    Sprejetje Zakona o posodobitvi varnosti hrane (FSMA) leta 2011, ki spreminja FD & ampCA in je najobsežnejša posodobitev ameriške uredbe o varnosti hrane v več kot 70 letih, je ustvarilo nove zahteve in obvezne standarde varnosti izdelkov za skoraj vso hrano za ljudi v ZDA in Ameriški proizvajalci hrane za hišne živali. Poudarek na človeški in živalski hrani po zakonu je preprečevanje bolezni, ne pa odzivanje in odpravljanje nastalih vprašanj. Zakon tudi FDA pooblašča, da izvaja inšpekcijske preglede objektov za preverjanje skladnosti s FSMA in za zagotovitev, da uvožena živila ustrezajo ameriškim standardom varnosti hrane.

    Z nekaj izjemami, tako kot pri prehrani ljudi, FSMA od proizvajalcev hrane za hišne živali zahteva:

    • Izvajati trenutne dobre proizvodne prakse (cGMP), ki vključujejo zahteve za zaposlene, zasnovo objekta, vzdrževanje in vzdrževanje opreme
    • Opredelite in ocenite nevarnosti (biološke, kemične ali fizikalne), ki so lahko povezane z živili, ki jih izdelujejo, in uvedite postopke („preventivni nadzor“), ki obravnavajo te nevarnosti
    • Razviti in izvajati načrt varnosti hrane, ki podrobno opisuje korake, ki jih izvajajo za zagotovitev varnosti izdelkov, od sestavin pri pridobivanju do odpoklica izdelka, če bo to potrebno.
    • Upoštevajte zahteve FSMA v zvezi s tujimi dobavitelji in sanitarnim prevozom tako za končno hrano/priboljške za hrano kot za sestavine.

    Kliknite tukaj za več informacij o zahtevah FSMA v zvezi s hrano za hišne živali.

    PFI si je prizadeval od oblikovanja pravil do izvajanja zagotoviti, da se naši člani dobro zavedajo svojih obveznosti FSMA. Naša prizadevanja se bodo nadaljevala skozi fazo skladnosti in uveljavljanja, PFI pa še naprej vključuje naše člane, zvezne in državne regulatorje ter druge zainteresirane strani, da zagotovijo, da proizvajalci hrane za hišne ljubljenčke in priboljški jasno razumejo pričakovanja FSMA, pa tudi uradniki FDA in države izvajanje skladnosti in nadzora FSMA.

    Državna uredba

    Večina držav ureja hrano za hišne živali po zakonih o krmi za živali. Enostaven način za države, da ohranijo svojo zakonodajo o krmi, je sprejetje zgoraj omenjenih modelov zakonov in predpisov združenja ameriških uradnikov za nadzor krme (AAFCO), ki na primer določajo cGMP, opredelitve sestavin in zahteve za nalepke in izdelke za hišne živali terjatve.

    Zahteve držav za tiste, ki sledijo modelom AAFCO, vključujejo:

    • Registracija vsakega živila za hišne živali, preden se lahko proda v državi. To regulatorjem omogoča, da vedo, kaj in kje se prodajajo izdelki, ki se prodajajo v ustreznem stanju, pri čemer imajo pomembne podatke, ki so na voljo v primeru odpoklica.
    • Pregled in odobritev oznake izdelka. Proizvajalci morajo državnim regulatorjem predložiti v pregled in sprejetje oznako izdelka za vsako hrano za hišne živali ali izdelek za zdravljenje, ki ga želijo prodati v državi. Pregled oznak izdelka vključuje:
      • Pregled oblike nalepke, da se zagotovijo potrebne informacije, npr., blagovno znamko, predvideno vrsto, količino proizvoda, GA (glej podrobnosti spodaj), izjavo o sestavini, izjavo o hranilni ustreznosti (tudi spodaj) in navodila za hranjenje. Mnogi od teh podatkov zahtevajo posebne jezikovne zahteve za državo.
      • Preverite dovoljene sestavine-sestavine, ki jih odobri AAFCO ali GRAS-prek FDA ali samopotrditve ali sestavin, ki so prejele peticijo o aditivih za živila (FAP).
      • Zajamčena analiza (GA) specifičnih merljivih ravni - običajno najnižja in najvišja za: surove beljakovine, surove maščobe, surove vlaknine, vlago, pepel in druge mineralne dodatke.
      • Izjava o prehranski ustreznosti (tj. popolno in uravnoteženo). Le take izdelke, ki zagotavljajo popolno prehrano, je mogoče označiti kot take. Od proizvajalcev se lahko zahteva, da to trditev utemeljijo s primerjavo s profili hranil.
      • Zagotavljanje vsebnosti kalorij.
      • Zagotavljanje, da uporaba nekaterih izrazov ni zavajajoča (npr. »Lahki, vitki, z nizko vsebnostjo maščob« ali primerjave med izdelki na trgu). Obstajajo predpisi, ki določajo take pogoje.
      • Ime in naslov proizvajalca/distributerja.
      • Pregled trditev o izdelkih. Obstajajo smernice, ki jih je treba upoštevati pri uveljavljanju trditev o izdelku, kot so: formula za nadzor zobnega kamna ali "naravno".

      Države lahko sprejmejo tudi cGMP AAFCO. Ti so že nekaj časa v veljavi, AAFCO pa je trenutno v postopku sprejemanja zveznega cGMPS, ki ga zahteva FSMA. AAFCO ponuja tudi jezik, ki državam omogoča, da v celoti sprejmejo predpise FSMA.

      Državni regulatorji tudi redno pregledujejo objekte za proizvodnjo hrane za hišne živali, da preverijo, ali se upoštevajo državni cGMP, ali obstaja ustrezna dokumentacija ter je napisan in upoštevan načrt varnosti hrane.

      Zvezni in državni regulatorji (v imenu FDA) zdaj pregledujejo objekte glede skladnosti z zahtevami FSMA.


      Uredba

      V Združenih državah Amerike je hrana za hišne živali med najbolj strogo urejenimi živili in mora izpolnjevati zvezne in državne zahteve. Ameriška uprava za hrano in zdravila (FDA) ureja tako končne izdelke za hišne živali (vključno s priboljški in žvečilkami) kot njihove sestavine. Skoraj vse države prav tako zahtevajo, da se izdelki, ki se prodajajo, registrirajo in da njihove etikete spoštujejo stroge zahteve glede imen in sestavin izdelkov. Sestavine ni mogoče uporabiti v hrani za hišne živali, dokler je ne sprejme FDA in ne sprejme Združenje ameriških krmilnikov (AAFCO), organizacija državnih regulativnih uradnikov, ki razvija vzorce računov in predpisov za hrano za hišne živali, ki jih lahko države sprejmejo v svoje državnih zakonov in predpisov.

      Sestavine, ki se uporabljajo v hrani za hišne živali

      Sestavina mora izpolnjevati ključna merila, ki veljajo za sprejemljivo za uporabo v receptu za hrano za hišne živali. Obstajajo štirje načini, da je sestavina sprejemljiva za uporabo:

      Sestavine se lahko odobrijo pri Odboru za opredelitev sestavin AAFCO, ki je naveden v njihovi uradni publikaciji.

      Sestavina je morda šla skozi postopek, da od FDA prejme peticijo o aditivih za živila, ki bi bila navedena na spletni strani FDA.

      Tudi na spletni strani FDA obstaja seznam sestavin, ki so splošno priznane kot varne (GRAS). Postopki za podjetja, da se samopotrdita GRAS.

      Poleg tega se sestavine, ki so bile v uporabi pred letom 1958 in niso povzročile nobenih težav, štejejo za varne in zakonite za uporabo.

      Zvezna uredba

      Zakon o posodobitvi varnosti hrane

      Kar zadeva zvezne predpise, so proizvajalci p et hrane in njihovi dobavitelji vedno morali tržiti varne izdelke v skladu z Zakonom o zdravilih in kozmetiki (FD & ampCA) iz leta 1938, ki ureja tako človeško kot živalsko hrano. V zvezi s tem so člani PFI pred desetletji sprejeli dobre proizvodne prakse.

      Sprejetje Zakona o posodobitvi varnosti hrane (FSMA) leta 2011, ki spreminja FD & ampCA in je najobsežnejša posodobitev ameriške uredbe o varnosti hrane v več kot 70 letih, je ustvarilo nove zahteve in obvezne standarde varnosti izdelkov za skoraj vso hrano za ljudi v ZDA in Ameriški proizvajalci hrane za hišne živali. Poudarek na človeški in živalski hrani po zakonu je preprečevanje bolezni, ne pa odzivanje in odpravljanje nastalih vprašanj. Zakon tudi FDA pooblašča, da izvaja inšpekcijske preglede objektov za preverjanje skladnosti s FSMA in za zagotovitev, da uvožena živila ustrezajo ameriškim standardom varnosti hrane.

      Z nekaj izjemami, tako kot pri prehrani ljudi, FSMA od proizvajalcev hrane za hišne živali zahteva:

      • Izvajati trenutne dobre proizvodne prakse (cGMP), ki vključujejo zahteve za zaposlene, zasnovo objekta, vzdrževanje in vzdrževanje opreme
      • Opredelite in ocenite nevarnosti (biološke, kemične ali fizikalne), ki so lahko povezane z živili, ki jih izdelujejo, in uvedite postopke („preventivni nadzor“), ki obravnavajo te nevarnosti
      • Razviti in izvajati načrt varnosti hrane, ki podrobno opisuje korake, ki jih izvajajo za zagotovitev varnosti izdelkov, od sestavin pri pridobivanju do odpoklica izdelka, če bo to potrebno.
      • Upoštevajte zahteve FSMA v zvezi s tujimi dobavitelji in sanitarnim prevozom tako za končno hrano/priboljške za hrano kot za sestavine.

      Kliknite tukaj za več informacij o zahtevah FSMA v zvezi s hrano za hišne živali.

      PFI si je prizadeval od oblikovanja pravil do izvajanja zagotoviti, da se naši člani dobro zavedajo svojih obveznosti FSMA. Naša prizadevanja se bodo nadaljevala skozi fazo skladnosti in uveljavljanja, PFI pa še naprej vključuje naše člane, zvezne in državne regulatorje ter druge zainteresirane strani, da zagotovijo, da proizvajalci hrane za hišne ljubljenčke in priboljški jasno razumejo pričakovanja FSMA, pa tudi uradniki FDA in države izvajanje skladnosti in nadzora FSMA.

      Državna uredba

      Večina držav ureja hrano za hišne živali po zakonih o krmi za živali. Enostaven način, da države ohranijo svojo zakonodajo o krmi, je sprejetje zgoraj omenjenih računovodskih predpisov in predpisov Združenja ameriških uradnikov za nadzor krme (AAFCO), ki na primer določajo cGMP, opredelitve sestavin in zahteve za nalepke in izdelke za hišne živali terjatve.

      Zahteve držav za tiste, ki sledijo modelom AAFCO, vključujejo:

      • Registracija vsakega živila za hišne živali, preden se lahko proda v državi. To regulatorjem omogoča, da v primeru odpoklica vedo, kaj in kje se prodajajo izdelki, ki se prodajajo v ustreznem stanju.
      • Pregled in odobritev oznake izdelka. Proizvajalci morajo državnim regulatorjem predložiti v pregled in sprejetje oznako izdelka za vsako hrano za hišne živali ali izdelek za zdravljenje, ki ga želijo prodati v državi. Pregled oznak izdelka vključuje:
        • Pregled oblike nalepke, da se zagotovijo potrebne informacije, npr., blagovno znamko, predvideno vrsto, količino proizvoda, GA (glej podrobnosti spodaj), izjavo o sestavini, izjavo o hranilni ustreznosti (tudi spodaj) in navodila za hranjenje. Mnogi od teh podatkov zahtevajo posebne jezikovne zahteve za državo.
        • Preverite dovoljene sestavine-sestavine, ki jih odobri AAFCO ali GRAS-prek FDA ali samopotrditve ali sestavin, ki so prejele peticijo o aditivih za živila (FAP).
        • Zajamčena analiza (GA) specifičnih merljivih ravni - običajno minimalna in največja za: surove beljakovine, surove maščobe, surove vlaknine, vlago, pepel in druge mineralne dodatke.
        • Izjava o prehranski ustreznosti (tj. popolno in uravnoteženo). Le take izdelke, ki zagotavljajo popolno prehrano, je mogoče označiti kot take. Od proizvajalcev se lahko zahteva, da to trditev utemeljijo s primerjavo s profili hranil.
        • Zagotavljanje vsebnosti kalorij.
        • Zagotavljanje, da uporaba nekaterih izrazov ni zavajajoča (npr. »Lahki, vitki, z nizko vsebnostjo maščob« ali primerjave med izdelki na trgu). Obstajajo predpisi, ki določajo take pogoje.
        • Ime in naslov proizvajalca/distributerja.
        • Pregled trditev o izdelkih. Obstajajo smernice, ki jih je treba upoštevati pri uveljavljanju trditev o izdelku, kot so: formula za nadzor zobnega kamna ali "naravna".

        Države lahko sprejmejo tudi cGMP AAFCO. Ti so že nekaj časa v veljavi, AAFCO pa je trenutno v postopku sprejemanja zveznega cGMPS, ki ga zahteva FSMA. AAFCO ponuja tudi jezik, ki državam omogoča, da v celoti sprejmejo predpise FSMA.

        Državni regulatorji tudi redno pregledujejo objekte za proizvodnjo hrane za hišne živali, da preverijo, ali se upoštevajo državni cGMP, ali obstaja ustrezna dokumentacija ter je napisan in upoštevan načrt varnosti hrane.

        Zvezni in državni regulatorji (v imenu FDA) zdaj pregledujejo objekte glede skladnosti z zahtevami FSMA.


        Uredba

        V Združenih državah Amerike je hrana za hišne živali med najbolj strogo urejenimi živili in mora izpolnjevati zvezne in državne zahteve. Ameriška uprava za hrano in zdravila (FDA) ureja tako končne izdelke za hišne živali (vključno s priboljški in žvečilkami) kot njihove sestavine. Skoraj vse države tudi zahtevajo, da se izdelki, ki se prodajajo, registrirajo in da njihove etikete spoštujejo stroge zahteve glede imen in sestavin izdelkov. Sestavine ni mogoče uporabiti v hrani za hišne živali, dokler je ne sprejme FDA in ne sprejme Združenje ameriških krmilnikov (AAFCO), organizacija državnih regulativnih uradnikov, ki razvija vzorce računov in predpisov za hrano za hišne živali, ki jih lahko države sprejmejo v svoje državnih zakonov in predpisov.

        Sestavine, ki se uporabljajo v hrani za hišne živali

        Sestavina mora izpolnjevati ključna merila, ki veljajo za sprejemljivo za uporabo v receptu za hrano za hišne živali. Obstajajo štirje načini, da je sestavina sprejemljiva za uporabo:

        Sestavine se lahko odobrijo pri Odboru za opredelitev sestavin AAFCO, ki je naveden v njihovi uradni publikaciji.

        Sestavina je morda šla skozi postopek, da od FDA prejme peticijo o aditivih za živila, ki bi bila navedena na spletni strani FDA.

        Tudi na spletni strani FDA obstaja seznam sestavin, ki so splošno priznane kot varne (GRAS). Postopki za podjetja, da se samopotrdita GRAS.

        Poleg tega se sestavine, ki so bile v uporabi pred letom 1958 in niso povzročile nobenih težav, štejejo za varne in zakonite za uporabo.

        Zvezna uredba

        Zakon o posodobitvi varnosti hrane

        Kar zadeva zvezne predpise, so proizvajalci p et hrane in njihovi dobavitelji vedno morali tržiti varne izdelke v skladu z Zakonom o zdravilih in kozmetiki (FD & ampCA) iz leta 1938, ki ureja tako človeško kot živalsko hrano. V zvezi s tem so člani PFI pred desetletji sprejeli dobre proizvodne prakse.

        Sprejetje Zakona o posodobitvi varnosti hrane (FSMA) leta 2011, ki spreminja FD & ampCA in je najobsežnejša posodobitev ameriške uredbe o varnosti hrane v več kot 70 letih, je ustvarilo nove zahteve in obvezne standarde varnosti izdelkov za skoraj vso hrano za ljudi v ZDA in Ameriški proizvajalci hrane za hišne živali. Poudarek na človeški in živalski hrani po zakonu je preprečevanje bolezni, ne pa odzivanje in odpravljanje nastalih vprašanj. Zakon tudi daje FDA pooblastilo za izvajanje inšpekcijskih pregledov v objektih za preverjanje skladnosti s FSMA in za zagotovitev, da uvožena živila ustrezajo ameriškim standardom varnosti hrane.

        Z nekaj izjemami, tako kot pri prehrani ljudi, FSMA od proizvajalcev hrane za hišne živali zahteva:

        • Izvajati trenutne dobre proizvodne prakse (cGMP), ki vključujejo zahteve za zaposlene, zasnovo objekta, vzdrževanje in vzdrževanje opreme
        • Opredelite in ocenite nevarnosti (biološke, kemične ali fizikalne), ki so lahko povezane z živili, ki jih izdelujejo, in uvedite postopke („preventivni nadzor“), ki obravnavajo te nevarnosti
        • Razviti in izvajati načrt varnosti hrane, ki podrobno opisuje korake, ki jih izvajajo za zagotovitev varnosti izdelkov, od sestavin pri pridobivanju do odpoklica izdelka, če bo to potrebno.
        • Upoštevajte zahteve FSMA v zvezi s tujimi dobavitelji in sanitarnim prevozom tako za končno hrano/priboljške za hrano kot za sestavine.

        Kliknite tukaj za več informacij o zahtevah FSMA v zvezi s hrano za hišne živali.

        PFI si je prizadeval od oblikovanja pravil do izvajanja zagotoviti, da se naši člani dobro zavedajo svojih obveznosti FSMA. Naša prizadevanja se bodo nadaljevala skozi fazo skladnosti in uveljavljanja, PFI pa še naprej vključuje naše člane, zvezne in državne regulatorje ter druge zainteresirane strani, da zagotovijo, da proizvajalci hrane za hišne ljubljenčke in priboljški jasno razumejo pričakovanja FSMA, pa tudi uradniki FDA in države izvajanje skladnosti in nadzora FSMA.

        Državna uredba

        Večina držav ureja izdelke za hrano za hišne živali po svojih zakonih o krmi za živali. Enostaven način, da države ohranijo svojo zakonodajo o krmi, je sprejetje zgoraj omenjenih računovodskih predpisov in predpisov Združenja ameriških uradnikov za nadzor krme (AAFCO), ki na primer določajo cGMP, opredelitve sestavin in zahteve za nalepke in izdelke za hišne živali terjatve.

        Zahteve držav za tiste, ki sledijo modelom AAFCO, vključujejo:

        • Registracija vsakega živila za hišne živali, preden se lahko proda v državi. To regulatorjem omogoča, da vedo, kaj in kje se prodajajo izdelki, ki se prodajajo v ustreznem stanju, pri čemer imajo pomembne podatke, ki so na voljo v primeru odpoklica.
        • Pregled in odobritev oznake izdelka. Proizvajalci morajo državnim regulatorjem predložiti v pregled in sprejetje oznako izdelka za vsako hrano za hišne živali ali izdelek za zdravljenje, ki ga želijo prodati v državi. Pregled oznak izdelka vključuje:
          • Pregled oblike nalepke, da se zagotovijo potrebne informacije, npr., blagovno znamko, predvideno vrsto, količino proizvoda, GA (glej podrobnosti spodaj), izjavo o sestavini, izjavo o hranilni ustreznosti (tudi spodaj) in navodila za hranjenje. Mnogi od teh podatkov zahtevajo posebne jezikovne zahteve za državo.
          • Preverite dovoljene sestavine-sestavine, ki jih odobri AAFCO ali GRAS-prek FDA ali samopotrditve ali sestavin, ki so prejele peticijo o aditivih za živila (FAP).
          • Zajamčena analiza (GA) specifičnih merljivih ravni - običajno najnižja in najvišja za: surove beljakovine, surove maščobe, surove vlaknine, vlago, pepel in druge mineralne dodatke.
          • Izjava o prehranski ustreznosti (tj. popolno in uravnoteženo). Le take izdelke, ki zagotavljajo popolno prehrano, je mogoče označiti kot take. Od proizvajalcev se lahko zahteva, da to trditev utemeljijo s primerjavo s profili hranil.
          • Zagotavljanje vsebnosti kalorij.
          • Zagotavljanje, da uporaba nekaterih izrazov ni zavajajoča (npr. »Lahki, vitki, z nizko vsebnostjo maščob« ali primerjave med izdelki na trgu). Obstajajo predpisi, ki določajo take pogoje.
          • Ime in naslov proizvajalca/distributerja.
          • Pregled trditev o izdelkih. Obstajajo smernice, ki jih je treba upoštevati pri uveljavljanju trditev o izdelku, kot so: formula za nadzor zobnega kamna ali "naravna".

          Države lahko sprejmejo tudi cGMP AAFCO. Ti so že nekaj časa v veljavi, AAFCO pa je trenutno v postopku sprejemanja zveznega cGMPS, ki ga zahteva FSMA. AAFCO ponuja tudi jezik, ki državam omogoča, da v celoti sprejmejo predpise FSMA.

          Državni regulatorji redno pregledujejo tudi objekte za proizvodnjo hrane za hišne živali, da preverijo, ali se upoštevajo državni cGMP, ali obstaja ustrezna dokumentacija ter da je napisan in upoštevan načrt varnosti hrane.

          Zvezni in državni regulatorji (v imenu FDA) zdaj pregledujejo objekte glede skladnosti z zahtevami FSMA.


          Uredba

          V Združenih državah je hrana za hišne ljubljenčke med najbolj strogo urejenimi živili in mora izpolnjevati zvezne in državne zahteve. Ameriška uprava za hrano in zdravila (FDA) ureja tako končne izdelke za hišne živali (vključno s priboljški in žvečilkami) kot njihove sestavine. Skoraj vse države prav tako zahtevajo, da se izdelki, ki se prodajajo, registrirajo in da njihove etikete spoštujejo stroge zahteve glede imen in sestavin izdelkov. Sestavine ni mogoče uporabiti v hrani za hišne živali, dokler je ne sprejme FDA in ne sprejme Združenje ameriških krmilnikov (AAFCO), organizacija državnih regulativnih uradnikov, ki razvija vzorce računov in predpisov za hrano za hišne živali, ki jih lahko države sprejmejo v svoje državnih zakonov in predpisov.

          Sestavine, ki se uporabljajo v hrani za hišne živali

          Sestavina mora izpolnjevati ključna merila, ki veljajo za sprejemljivo za uporabo v receptu za hrano za hišne živali. Obstajajo štirje načini, da je sestavina sprejemljiva za uporabo:

          Sestavine se lahko odobrijo pri Odboru za opredelitev sestavin AAFCO, ki je naveden v njihovi uradni publikaciji.

          Sestavina je morda šla skozi postopek, da od FDA prejme peticijo o aditivih za živila, ki bi bila navedena na spletni strani FDA.

          Tudi na spletni strani FDA obstaja seznam sestavin, ki so splošno priznane kot varne (GRAS). Postopki za podjetja, da se samopotrdita GRAS.

          Poleg tega se sestavine, ki so bile v uporabi pred letom 1958 in niso povzročile nobenih težav, štejejo za varne in zakonite za uporabo.

          Zvezna uredba

          Zakon o posodobitvi varnosti hrane

          Kar zadeva zvezne predpise, so proizvajalci p et hrane in njihovi dobavitelji vedno morali tržiti varne izdelke v skladu z Zakonom o zdravilih in kozmetiki (FD & ampCA) iz leta 1938, ki ureja tako človeško kot živalsko hrano. V zvezi s tem so člani PFI pred desetletji sprejeli dobre proizvodne prakse.

          Sprejetje Zakona o posodobitvi varnosti hrane (FSMA) leta 2011, ki spreminja FD & ampCA in je najobsežnejša posodobitev ameriške uredbe o varnosti hrane v več kot 70 letih, je ustvarilo nove zahteve in obvezne standarde varnosti izdelkov za skoraj vso hrano za ljudi v ZDA in Ameriški proizvajalci hrane za hišne živali. Poudarek na človeški in živalski hrani po zakonu je preprečevanje bolezni, ne pa odzivanje in odpravljanje nastalih vprašanj. Zakon tudi FDA pooblašča, da izvaja inšpekcijske preglede objektov za preverjanje skladnosti s FSMA in za zagotovitev, da uvožena živila ustrezajo ameriškim standardom varnosti hrane.

          Z nekaj izjemami, tako kot pri prehrani ljudi, FSMA od proizvajalcev hrane za hišne živali zahteva:

          • Implement current good manufacturing practices (cGMPs) that include requirements for employees, facility design, equipment upkeep and maintenance
          • Identify and evaluate hazards (biological, chemical or physical) that may be associated with the foods they make, and put into place procedures (“preventive controls”) that address those hazards
          • Develop and implement a food safety plan detailing the steps they are taking to ensure product safety, from the sourcing ingredients to carrying out a product recall if ever needed
          • Comply with FSMA requirements regarding foreign suppliers and sanitary transportation for both finished food pet food/treats and ingredients.

          Click here for more information on FSMA requirements related to pet food.

          PFI has worked from rulemaking through implementation to ensure our members are well aware of their FSMA obligations. Our efforts will continue through the compliance and enforcement phase, and PFI are continuing to engage our members, federal and state regulators, and other stakeholders to make sure FSMA expectations are clearly understood by pet food and treat makers, as well as FDA and state officials conducting FSMA compliance and surveillance.

          State Regulation

          Most states regulate pet food products under their animal feed laws. An easy way for states to keep their feed laws current is to adopt the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) model bills and regulations mentioned above, which set out, for example, cGMPs, ingredient definitions and requirements for pet food labels and product claims.

          States requirements for those following the AAFCO models include:

          • Registration of each pet food product before it can be sold in the state. This enables regulators to know what and where products are sold are sold in their respective state important information to have at hand in the case of a recall.
          • Product label review and approval. Manufacturers must submit for review and acceptance by state regulators a product label for each pet food or treat product they want to sell in the state. Product label review includes:
            • Review of label format to ensure required information is present, e.g., the brand name, intended species, quantity of product, GA (see details below), ingredient statement, nutritional adequacy statement (also below), and feeding directions. Many of these pieces of information have state-specific language requirements.
            • Examine for allowable ingredients – ingredients approved by AAFCO or GRAS – through FDA or self-affirmation or ingredients that have received a food additive petition (FAP) .
            • A guaranteed analysis (GA) of specific measurable levels – usually a minimum and maximum for: crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber, moisture, ash other mineral supplements.
            • A nutritional adequacy statement (tj. complete and balanced). Only those products that provide total nutrition can be labeled as such. Manufacturers can be asked to substantiate this statement by providing a comparison with nutrient profiles.
            • Provision of calorie content.
            • Assurance that the use of certain terms is not misleading (e.g., “light, lean, low fat” or comparisons between products on the market). There are regulations in place that define such terms.
            • Name and address of manufacturer/distributor.
            • Review of product claims. There are guidelines in place that must be followed to make product claims such as: tartar control formula or “natural.”

            States can also adopt the AAFCO cGMPs. These have been in place for a while, and AAFCO is currently in the process of adopting the federal cGMPS required under FSMA. AAFCO also provides language that enables states to adopt FSMA regulations in their entirety.

            State regulators also regularly inspect pet food manufacturing facilities to verify that state cGMPs are being followed, appropriate documentation is in place, and a food safety plan is written and followed.

            Federal and state regulators (on FDA’s behalf) are now inspecting facilities for compliance with FSMA requirements.


            Uredba

            In the United States, pet food is among the most highly regulated of all food products, and must meet federal and state requirements. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates both finished pet food products (including treats and chews) and their ingredients. Nearly all states also require products sold therein to be registered, and for their labels to adhere to strict requirements regarding product names and ingredients. An ingredient cannot be used in pet food until it has been accepted by FDA and adopted by the Association of American Feed Officials (AAFCO), the organization of state regulatory officials that develops model bills and regulations for pet food that states can adopt into their respective state laws and regulations.

            Ingredients Used in Pet Food

            An ingredient must meet key criteria needed to be considered acceptable for use in a pet food recipe. There are four ways for an ingredient to acceptable for use:

            Ingredients may be approved through AAFCO’s Ingredient Definitions Committee to be listed in their Official Publication.

            An ingredient may have gone through the process to receive a Food Additive Petition from FDA which would be listed on the FDA website.

            Also on the FDA website, there exists a list of ingredients which are Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS). Processes exist for companies to self-affirm GRAS.

            In addition, ingredients that were in use prior to 1958 and have not caused any issues are considered safe and legal for use.

            Federal Regulation

            The Food Safety Modernization Act

            With regard to federal regulation, p et food makers and their suppliers have always been required to market safe products under the Food Drug and Cosmetic Act (FD&CA) of 1938, which regulates both human and animal food. In this regard, PFI members adopted good manufacturing practices decades ago.

            The passage of the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) in 2011, which amends the FD&CA and is the most comprehensive update to U.S. food safety regulation in more than 70 years, created new requirements and mandatory product safety standards for virtually all U.S. human food and U.S. pet food makers. The focus for human and animal food under the law is prevention of illness, rather than reacting and correcting issues that arise. The law also provides FDA with the authority to conduct facility inspections to verify FSMA compliance and to ensure imported foods meets U.S. food safety standards.

            With few exceptions, just as with human food, FSMA requires pet food makers to:

            • Implement current good manufacturing practices (cGMPs) that include requirements for employees, facility design, equipment upkeep and maintenance
            • Identify and evaluate hazards (biological, chemical or physical) that may be associated with the foods they make, and put into place procedures (“preventive controls”) that address those hazards
            • Develop and implement a food safety plan detailing the steps they are taking to ensure product safety, from the sourcing ingredients to carrying out a product recall if ever needed
            • Comply with FSMA requirements regarding foreign suppliers and sanitary transportation for both finished food pet food/treats and ingredients.

            Click here for more information on FSMA requirements related to pet food.

            PFI has worked from rulemaking through implementation to ensure our members are well aware of their FSMA obligations. Our efforts will continue through the compliance and enforcement phase, and PFI are continuing to engage our members, federal and state regulators, and other stakeholders to make sure FSMA expectations are clearly understood by pet food and treat makers, as well as FDA and state officials conducting FSMA compliance and surveillance.

            State Regulation

            Most states regulate pet food products under their animal feed laws. An easy way for states to keep their feed laws current is to adopt the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) model bills and regulations mentioned above, which set out, for example, cGMPs, ingredient definitions and requirements for pet food labels and product claims.

            States requirements for those following the AAFCO models include:

            • Registration of each pet food product before it can be sold in the state. This enables regulators to know what and where products are sold are sold in their respective state important information to have at hand in the case of a recall.
            • Product label review and approval. Manufacturers must submit for review and acceptance by state regulators a product label for each pet food or treat product they want to sell in the state. Product label review includes:
              • Review of label format to ensure required information is present, e.g., the brand name, intended species, quantity of product, GA (see details below), ingredient statement, nutritional adequacy statement (also below), and feeding directions. Many of these pieces of information have state-specific language requirements.
              • Examine for allowable ingredients – ingredients approved by AAFCO or GRAS – through FDA or self-affirmation or ingredients that have received a food additive petition (FAP) .
              • A guaranteed analysis (GA) of specific measurable levels – usually a minimum and maximum for: crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber, moisture, ash other mineral supplements.
              • A nutritional adequacy statement (tj. complete and balanced). Only those products that provide total nutrition can be labeled as such. Manufacturers can be asked to substantiate this statement by providing a comparison with nutrient profiles.
              • Provision of calorie content.
              • Assurance that the use of certain terms is not misleading (e.g., “light, lean, low fat” or comparisons between products on the market). There are regulations in place that define such terms.
              • Name and address of manufacturer/distributor.
              • Review of product claims. There are guidelines in place that must be followed to make product claims such as: tartar control formula or “natural.”

              States can also adopt the AAFCO cGMPs. These have been in place for a while, and AAFCO is currently in the process of adopting the federal cGMPS required under FSMA. AAFCO also provides language that enables states to adopt FSMA regulations in their entirety.

              State regulators also regularly inspect pet food manufacturing facilities to verify that state cGMPs are being followed, appropriate documentation is in place, and a food safety plan is written and followed.

              Federal and state regulators (on FDA’s behalf) are now inspecting facilities for compliance with FSMA requirements.


              Uredba

              In the United States, pet food is among the most highly regulated of all food products, and must meet federal and state requirements. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates both finished pet food products (including treats and chews) and their ingredients. Nearly all states also require products sold therein to be registered, and for their labels to adhere to strict requirements regarding product names and ingredients. An ingredient cannot be used in pet food until it has been accepted by FDA and adopted by the Association of American Feed Officials (AAFCO), the organization of state regulatory officials that develops model bills and regulations for pet food that states can adopt into their respective state laws and regulations.

              Ingredients Used in Pet Food

              An ingredient must meet key criteria needed to be considered acceptable for use in a pet food recipe. There are four ways for an ingredient to acceptable for use:

              Ingredients may be approved through AAFCO’s Ingredient Definitions Committee to be listed in their Official Publication.

              An ingredient may have gone through the process to receive a Food Additive Petition from FDA which would be listed on the FDA website.

              Also on the FDA website, there exists a list of ingredients which are Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS). Processes exist for companies to self-affirm GRAS.

              In addition, ingredients that were in use prior to 1958 and have not caused any issues are considered safe and legal for use.

              Federal Regulation

              The Food Safety Modernization Act

              With regard to federal regulation, p et food makers and their suppliers have always been required to market safe products under the Food Drug and Cosmetic Act (FD&CA) of 1938, which regulates both human and animal food. In this regard, PFI members adopted good manufacturing practices decades ago.

              The passage of the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) in 2011, which amends the FD&CA and is the most comprehensive update to U.S. food safety regulation in more than 70 years, created new requirements and mandatory product safety standards for virtually all U.S. human food and U.S. pet food makers. The focus for human and animal food under the law is prevention of illness, rather than reacting and correcting issues that arise. The law also provides FDA with the authority to conduct facility inspections to verify FSMA compliance and to ensure imported foods meets U.S. food safety standards.

              With few exceptions, just as with human food, FSMA requires pet food makers to:

              • Implement current good manufacturing practices (cGMPs) that include requirements for employees, facility design, equipment upkeep and maintenance
              • Identify and evaluate hazards (biological, chemical or physical) that may be associated with the foods they make, and put into place procedures (“preventive controls”) that address those hazards
              • Develop and implement a food safety plan detailing the steps they are taking to ensure product safety, from the sourcing ingredients to carrying out a product recall if ever needed
              • Comply with FSMA requirements regarding foreign suppliers and sanitary transportation for both finished food pet food/treats and ingredients.

              Click here for more information on FSMA requirements related to pet food.

              PFI has worked from rulemaking through implementation to ensure our members are well aware of their FSMA obligations. Our efforts will continue through the compliance and enforcement phase, and PFI are continuing to engage our members, federal and state regulators, and other stakeholders to make sure FSMA expectations are clearly understood by pet food and treat makers, as well as FDA and state officials conducting FSMA compliance and surveillance.

              State Regulation

              Most states regulate pet food products under their animal feed laws. An easy way for states to keep their feed laws current is to adopt the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) model bills and regulations mentioned above, which set out, for example, cGMPs, ingredient definitions and requirements for pet food labels and product claims.

              States requirements for those following the AAFCO models include:

              • Registration of each pet food product before it can be sold in the state. This enables regulators to know what and where products are sold are sold in their respective state important information to have at hand in the case of a recall.
              • Product label review and approval. Manufacturers must submit for review and acceptance by state regulators a product label for each pet food or treat product they want to sell in the state. Product label review includes:
                • Review of label format to ensure required information is present, e.g., the brand name, intended species, quantity of product, GA (see details below), ingredient statement, nutritional adequacy statement (also below), and feeding directions. Many of these pieces of information have state-specific language requirements.
                • Examine for allowable ingredients – ingredients approved by AAFCO or GRAS – through FDA or self-affirmation or ingredients that have received a food additive petition (FAP) .
                • A guaranteed analysis (GA) of specific measurable levels – usually a minimum and maximum for: crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber, moisture, ash other mineral supplements.
                • A nutritional adequacy statement (tj. complete and balanced). Only those products that provide total nutrition can be labeled as such. Manufacturers can be asked to substantiate this statement by providing a comparison with nutrient profiles.
                • Provision of calorie content.
                • Assurance that the use of certain terms is not misleading (e.g., “light, lean, low fat” or comparisons between products on the market). There are regulations in place that define such terms.
                • Name and address of manufacturer/distributor.
                • Review of product claims. There are guidelines in place that must be followed to make product claims such as: tartar control formula or “natural.”

                States can also adopt the AAFCO cGMPs. These have been in place for a while, and AAFCO is currently in the process of adopting the federal cGMPS required under FSMA. AAFCO also provides language that enables states to adopt FSMA regulations in their entirety.

                State regulators also regularly inspect pet food manufacturing facilities to verify that state cGMPs are being followed, appropriate documentation is in place, and a food safety plan is written and followed.

                Federal and state regulators (on FDA’s behalf) are now inspecting facilities for compliance with FSMA requirements.


                Uredba

                In the United States, pet food is among the most highly regulated of all food products, and must meet federal and state requirements. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates both finished pet food products (including treats and chews) and their ingredients. Nearly all states also require products sold therein to be registered, and for their labels to adhere to strict requirements regarding product names and ingredients. An ingredient cannot be used in pet food until it has been accepted by FDA and adopted by the Association of American Feed Officials (AAFCO), the organization of state regulatory officials that develops model bills and regulations for pet food that states can adopt into their respective state laws and regulations.

                Ingredients Used in Pet Food

                An ingredient must meet key criteria needed to be considered acceptable for use in a pet food recipe. There are four ways for an ingredient to acceptable for use:

                Ingredients may be approved through AAFCO’s Ingredient Definitions Committee to be listed in their Official Publication.

                An ingredient may have gone through the process to receive a Food Additive Petition from FDA which would be listed on the FDA website.

                Also on the FDA website, there exists a list of ingredients which are Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS). Processes exist for companies to self-affirm GRAS.

                In addition, ingredients that were in use prior to 1958 and have not caused any issues are considered safe and legal for use.

                Federal Regulation

                The Food Safety Modernization Act

                With regard to federal regulation, p et food makers and their suppliers have always been required to market safe products under the Food Drug and Cosmetic Act (FD&CA) of 1938, which regulates both human and animal food. In this regard, PFI members adopted good manufacturing practices decades ago.

                The passage of the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) in 2011, which amends the FD&CA and is the most comprehensive update to U.S. food safety regulation in more than 70 years, created new requirements and mandatory product safety standards for virtually all U.S. human food and U.S. pet food makers. The focus for human and animal food under the law is prevention of illness, rather than reacting and correcting issues that arise. The law also provides FDA with the authority to conduct facility inspections to verify FSMA compliance and to ensure imported foods meets U.S. food safety standards.

                With few exceptions, just as with human food, FSMA requires pet food makers to:

                • Implement current good manufacturing practices (cGMPs) that include requirements for employees, facility design, equipment upkeep and maintenance
                • Identify and evaluate hazards (biological, chemical or physical) that may be associated with the foods they make, and put into place procedures (“preventive controls”) that address those hazards
                • Develop and implement a food safety plan detailing the steps they are taking to ensure product safety, from the sourcing ingredients to carrying out a product recall if ever needed
                • Comply with FSMA requirements regarding foreign suppliers and sanitary transportation for both finished food pet food/treats and ingredients.

                Click here for more information on FSMA requirements related to pet food.

                PFI has worked from rulemaking through implementation to ensure our members are well aware of their FSMA obligations. Our efforts will continue through the compliance and enforcement phase, and PFI are continuing to engage our members, federal and state regulators, and other stakeholders to make sure FSMA expectations are clearly understood by pet food and treat makers, as well as FDA and state officials conducting FSMA compliance and surveillance.

                State Regulation

                Most states regulate pet food products under their animal feed laws. An easy way for states to keep their feed laws current is to adopt the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) model bills and regulations mentioned above, which set out, for example, cGMPs, ingredient definitions and requirements for pet food labels and product claims.

                States requirements for those following the AAFCO models include:

                • Registration of each pet food product before it can be sold in the state. This enables regulators to know what and where products are sold are sold in their respective state important information to have at hand in the case of a recall.
                • Product label review and approval. Manufacturers must submit for review and acceptance by state regulators a product label for each pet food or treat product they want to sell in the state. Product label review includes:
                  • Review of label format to ensure required information is present, e.g., the brand name, intended species, quantity of product, GA (see details below), ingredient statement, nutritional adequacy statement (also below), and feeding directions. Many of these pieces of information have state-specific language requirements.
                  • Examine for allowable ingredients – ingredients approved by AAFCO or GRAS – through FDA or self-affirmation or ingredients that have received a food additive petition (FAP) .
                  • A guaranteed analysis (GA) of specific measurable levels – usually a minimum and maximum for: crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber, moisture, ash other mineral supplements.
                  • A nutritional adequacy statement (tj. complete and balanced). Only those products that provide total nutrition can be labeled as such. Manufacturers can be asked to substantiate this statement by providing a comparison with nutrient profiles.
                  • Provision of calorie content.
                  • Assurance that the use of certain terms is not misleading (e.g., “light, lean, low fat” or comparisons between products on the market). There are regulations in place that define such terms.
                  • Name and address of manufacturer/distributor.
                  • Review of product claims. There are guidelines in place that must be followed to make product claims such as: tartar control formula or “natural.”

                  States can also adopt the AAFCO cGMPs. These have been in place for a while, and AAFCO is currently in the process of adopting the federal cGMPS required under FSMA. AAFCO also provides language that enables states to adopt FSMA regulations in their entirety.

                  State regulators also regularly inspect pet food manufacturing facilities to verify that state cGMPs are being followed, appropriate documentation is in place, and a food safety plan is written and followed.

                  Federal and state regulators (on FDA’s behalf) are now inspecting facilities for compliance with FSMA requirements.


                  Uredba

                  In the United States, pet food is among the most highly regulated of all food products, and must meet federal and state requirements. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates both finished pet food products (including treats and chews) and their ingredients. Nearly all states also require products sold therein to be registered, and for their labels to adhere to strict requirements regarding product names and ingredients. An ingredient cannot be used in pet food until it has been accepted by FDA and adopted by the Association of American Feed Officials (AAFCO), the organization of state regulatory officials that develops model bills and regulations for pet food that states can adopt into their respective state laws and regulations.

                  Ingredients Used in Pet Food

                  An ingredient must meet key criteria needed to be considered acceptable for use in a pet food recipe. There are four ways for an ingredient to acceptable for use:

                  Ingredients may be approved through AAFCO’s Ingredient Definitions Committee to be listed in their Official Publication.

                  An ingredient may have gone through the process to receive a Food Additive Petition from FDA which would be listed on the FDA website.

                  Also on the FDA website, there exists a list of ingredients which are Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS). Processes exist for companies to self-affirm GRAS.

                  In addition, ingredients that were in use prior to 1958 and have not caused any issues are considered safe and legal for use.

                  Federal Regulation

                  The Food Safety Modernization Act

                  With regard to federal regulation, p et food makers and their suppliers have always been required to market safe products under the Food Drug and Cosmetic Act (FD&CA) of 1938, which regulates both human and animal food. In this regard, PFI members adopted good manufacturing practices decades ago.

                  The passage of the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) in 2011, which amends the FD&CA and is the most comprehensive update to U.S. food safety regulation in more than 70 years, created new requirements and mandatory product safety standards for virtually all U.S. human food and U.S. pet food makers. The focus for human and animal food under the law is prevention of illness, rather than reacting and correcting issues that arise. The law also provides FDA with the authority to conduct facility inspections to verify FSMA compliance and to ensure imported foods meets U.S. food safety standards.

                  With few exceptions, just as with human food, FSMA requires pet food makers to:

                  • Implement current good manufacturing practices (cGMPs) that include requirements for employees, facility design, equipment upkeep and maintenance
                  • Identify and evaluate hazards (biological, chemical or physical) that may be associated with the foods they make, and put into place procedures (“preventive controls”) that address those hazards
                  • Develop and implement a food safety plan detailing the steps they are taking to ensure product safety, from the sourcing ingredients to carrying out a product recall if ever needed
                  • Comply with FSMA requirements regarding foreign suppliers and sanitary transportation for both finished food pet food/treats and ingredients.

                  Click here for more information on FSMA requirements related to pet food.

                  PFI has worked from rulemaking through implementation to ensure our members are well aware of their FSMA obligations. Our efforts will continue through the compliance and enforcement phase, and PFI are continuing to engage our members, federal and state regulators, and other stakeholders to make sure FSMA expectations are clearly understood by pet food and treat makers, as well as FDA and state officials conducting FSMA compliance and surveillance.

                  State Regulation

                  Most states regulate pet food products under their animal feed laws. An easy way for states to keep their feed laws current is to adopt the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) model bills and regulations mentioned above, which set out, for example, cGMPs, ingredient definitions and requirements for pet food labels and product claims.

                  States requirements for those following the AAFCO models include:

                  • Registration of each pet food product before it can be sold in the state. This enables regulators to know what and where products are sold are sold in their respective state important information to have at hand in the case of a recall.
                  • Product label review and approval. Manufacturers must submit for review and acceptance by state regulators a product label for each pet food or treat product they want to sell in the state. Product label review includes:
                    • Review of label format to ensure required information is present, e.g., the brand name, intended species, quantity of product, GA (see details below), ingredient statement, nutritional adequacy statement (also below), and feeding directions. Many of these pieces of information have state-specific language requirements.
                    • Examine for allowable ingredients – ingredients approved by AAFCO or GRAS – through FDA or self-affirmation or ingredients that have received a food additive petition (FAP) .
                    • A guaranteed analysis (GA) of specific measurable levels – usually a minimum and maximum for: crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber, moisture, ash other mineral supplements.
                    • A nutritional adequacy statement (tj. complete and balanced). Only those products that provide total nutrition can be labeled as such. Manufacturers can be asked to substantiate this statement by providing a comparison with nutrient profiles.
                    • Provision of calorie content.
                    • Assurance that the use of certain terms is not misleading (e.g., “light, lean, low fat” or comparisons between products on the market). There are regulations in place that define such terms.
                    • Name and address of manufacturer/distributor.
                    • Review of product claims. There are guidelines in place that must be followed to make product claims such as: tartar control formula or “natural.”

                    States can also adopt the AAFCO cGMPs. These have been in place for a while, and AAFCO is currently in the process of adopting the federal cGMPS required under FSMA. AAFCO also provides language that enables states to adopt FSMA regulations in their entirety.

                    State regulators also regularly inspect pet food manufacturing facilities to verify that state cGMPs are being followed, appropriate documentation is in place, and a food safety plan is written and followed.

                    Federal and state regulators (on FDA’s behalf) are now inspecting facilities for compliance with FSMA requirements.


                    Uredba

                    In the United States, pet food is among the most highly regulated of all food products, and must meet federal and state requirements. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates both finished pet food products (including treats and chews) and their ingredients. Nearly all states also require products sold therein to be registered, and for their labels to adhere to strict requirements regarding product names and ingredients. An ingredient cannot be used in pet food until it has been accepted by FDA and adopted by the Association of American Feed Officials (AAFCO), the organization of state regulatory officials that develops model bills and regulations for pet food that states can adopt into their respective state laws and regulations.

                    Ingredients Used in Pet Food

                    An ingredient must meet key criteria needed to be considered acceptable for use in a pet food recipe. There are four ways for an ingredient to acceptable for use:

                    Ingredients may be approved through AAFCO’s Ingredient Definitions Committee to be listed in their Official Publication.

                    An ingredient may have gone through the process to receive a Food Additive Petition from FDA which would be listed on the FDA website.

                    Also on the FDA website, there exists a list of ingredients which are Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS). Processes exist for companies to self-affirm GRAS.

                    In addition, ingredients that were in use prior to 1958 and have not caused any issues are considered safe and legal for use.

                    Federal Regulation

                    The Food Safety Modernization Act

                    With regard to federal regulation, p et food makers and their suppliers have always been required to market safe products under the Food Drug and Cosmetic Act (FD&CA) of 1938, which regulates both human and animal food. In this regard, PFI members adopted good manufacturing practices decades ago.

                    The passage of the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) in 2011, which amends the FD&CA and is the most comprehensive update to U.S. food safety regulation in more than 70 years, created new requirements and mandatory product safety standards for virtually all U.S. human food and U.S. pet food makers. The focus for human and animal food under the law is prevention of illness, rather than reacting and correcting issues that arise. The law also provides FDA with the authority to conduct facility inspections to verify FSMA compliance and to ensure imported foods meets U.S. food safety standards.

                    With few exceptions, just as with human food, FSMA requires pet food makers to:

                    • Implement current good manufacturing practices (cGMPs) that include requirements for employees, facility design, equipment upkeep and maintenance
                    • Identify and evaluate hazards (biological, chemical or physical) that may be associated with the foods they make, and put into place procedures (“preventive controls”) that address those hazards
                    • Develop and implement a food safety plan detailing the steps they are taking to ensure product safety, from the sourcing ingredients to carrying out a product recall if ever needed
                    • Comply with FSMA requirements regarding foreign suppliers and sanitary transportation for both finished food pet food/treats and ingredients.

                    Click here for more information on FSMA requirements related to pet food.

                    PFI has worked from rulemaking through implementation to ensure our members are well aware of their FSMA obligations. Our efforts will continue through the compliance and enforcement phase, and PFI are continuing to engage our members, federal and state regulators, and other stakeholders to make sure FSMA expectations are clearly understood by pet food and treat makers, as well as FDA and state officials conducting FSMA compliance and surveillance.

                    State Regulation

                    Most states regulate pet food products under their animal feed laws. An easy way for states to keep their feed laws current is to adopt the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) model bills and regulations mentioned above, which set out, for example, cGMPs, ingredient definitions and requirements for pet food labels and product claims.

                    States requirements for those following the AAFCO models include:

                    • Registration of each pet food product before it can be sold in the state. This enables regulators to know what and where products are sold are sold in their respective state important information to have at hand in the case of a recall.
                    • Product label review and approval. Manufacturers must submit for review and acceptance by state regulators a product label for each pet food or treat product they want to sell in the state. Product label review includes:
                      • Review of label format to ensure required information is present, e.g., the brand name, intended species, quantity of product, GA (see details below), ingredient statement, nutritional adequacy statement (also below), and feeding directions. Many of these pieces of information have state-specific language requirements.
                      • Examine for allowable ingredients – ingredients approved by AAFCO or GRAS – through FDA or self-affirmation or ingredients that have received a food additive petition (FAP) .
                      • A guaranteed analysis (GA) of specific measurable levels – usually a minimum and maximum for: crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber, moisture, ash other mineral supplements.
                      • A nutritional adequacy statement (tj. complete and balanced). Only those products that provide total nutrition can be labeled as such. Manufacturers can be asked to substantiate this statement by providing a comparison with nutrient profiles.
                      • Provision of calorie content.
                      • Assurance that the use of certain terms is not misleading (e.g., “light, lean, low fat” or comparisons between products on the market). There are regulations in place that define such terms.
                      • Name and address of manufacturer/distributor.
                      • Review of product claims. There are guidelines in place that must be followed to make product claims such as: tartar control formula or “natural.”

                      States can also adopt the AAFCO cGMPs. These have been in place for a while, and AAFCO is currently in the process of adopting the federal cGMPS required under FSMA. AAFCO also provides language that enables states to adopt FSMA regulations in their entirety.

                      State regulators also regularly inspect pet food manufacturing facilities to verify that state cGMPs are being followed, appropriate documentation is in place, and a food safety plan is written and followed.

                      Federal and state regulators (on FDA’s behalf) are now inspecting facilities for compliance with FSMA requirements.